The knee contains three joints inside a single synovial cavity and it is the biggest and most complex joint of the entire body. It is also called the tibio-femoral joint since it is the point of articulation for the shin and femur. Because of the necessity that the knee perform in exhibiting an array of motion in the lower extremities, it brings the focus on injuries such as anterior cruciate ligament tear, that can occur at the knee joint.

The anterior cruciate ligament is among four ligaments that connect as well as support the tibia and femur. Ligaments are strong connective flesh that connect a bone to a different bone. Because the knee joints allow for flexing, extending, and spinning movements, this ligament accounts for an incredibly high number of all serious accidents involving the leg.

In normal position when the knee is straight, the anterior cruciate ligament is tight, and frees up once the leg is bent. The muscles around the leg lend support by reinforcing the job of the tendon which in turn functions stabilize the knee when it is moving. Since the knee supports the weight of the entire body and is involved in a large amount of movement, oftentimes, it is the ligaments that bear the brunt of these abuses.

Anterior cruciate ligament tear can be incapacitating to an normally energetic person. It is very painful aside from limiting mobility. If left untreated, it can result in the degeneration of the articular cartilage, uncovering the edges of the bone fragments and also encouraging the formation of tiny bumps or “spurs” to deposit and inhabit the joint cavity, further lowering the ability of the knee to maneuver openly.

Problems for the knee suspensory ligaments may be brought about by degeneration of the weight bearing joint; it sets the stage for wear and tear attributed to aging. It can also be brought on by continuous irritation of the articular cartilage as when wearing the incorrect shoes, walking on hard, bumpy surface, sudden, hard or sharp movements, as can be seen when kids and teenagers indulge in sports like basketball and football. In fact, most of those affected by this problem are young people who experience a sensation of “popping” at the knee when they kick a ball too hard or land heavily after a long jump. The popping sensation is usually followed by imbalance, unsteady gait, redness due to bleeding when blood vessels are damaged, swelling due to inflammation, and extreme pain.

A major point to remember concerning anterior cruciate ligament tear management is that the accident is preventable by observing safeguards carefully, and once it takes place, the injury should immediately be treated. Otherwise, more serious consequences could result from neglect.